Was authority withheld from Eve?

Was authority withheld from Eve?

This article is a response to an article written by Matt Slick of CARM called Genesis 2, Adam and Eve, and Authority. The article is found here.

In Mr. Slick’s article, he takes the position that God had different roles for the man and the woman right from the beginning. He says:

“Part of God’s command to Adam to keep the Garden was to name the animals. This was not Eve’s role.”

There are no “roles” mentioned in Genesis and Eve certainly could not have a “role” of naming the animals because she didn’t exist at the time that Adam was given the opportunity to name the animals. God’s purpose was a dual purpose. Not only did Adam get the opportunity to name the animals, but he was given an opportunity to discover that he was the only one without a mate. Every animal had its own mate but he did not have a corresponding mate.

Slick goes on to make a distinction between Eve’s work and Adam’s work. He says:

“She was later made to be a helpmate to Adam and assist him in the calling God had given him, not the other way around. “For indeed man was not created for the woman’s sake, but woman for the man’s sake,” (1 Cor. 11:9).”

While Mr. Slick makes only the man to have a distinct calling, saying that the woman was created to “assist” the man in his calling, scripture reveals that they both had the same calling from God.

Gen 1:26 Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”

Gen 1:27 God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.

Gen 1:28 God blessed them; and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”

Both the man and the woman were given the mandate to rule the animals and both were told to fill and subdue the earth. Scripture does not say that it is only the calling of the male but of them both. Being a “helper” is not a lesser position for the woman since this term is used mostly of God himself in the Old Testament. God “helps” those who need his assistance and who cannot do the job on their own. Adam needed his mate to provide what he lacked. Together they worked on the same mandate to rule God’s creation.

Mr. Slick makes naming the animals as a unique act of authority given to Adam alone.

“Adam named the animals. Eve did not. Naming them was his first act of dominion and it is a sign of authority and it was God who brought the animals to Adam so that Adam could accomplish what God had commanded.”

Now if Adam and Eve had both been around and God had kept the job of naming the animals away from Eve, then men like Matt Slick would have a valid point. However scripture does not say that Eve was kept away from an authority that was kept only for Adam. Scripture is clear that the job of naming the animals caused Adam to see his need for a mate. It is only when Adam saw his need did God put Adam to sleep and create his very own mate from his own body.  But scripture does not say that if Eve had been around that she would have been kept away from helping Adam in the same mandate as was given to both.

So how can we know that Eve was not without an authority over the animals because of the naming of the animals? We can know that God did not place Eve in a lesser position than Adam because God gave them the exact same mandate in Genesis 1. She was given authority over all of the animals just as Adam was given this authority. We can also know that Eve was not held back from exercising her God-given authority because she was not in existence at the event of the naming of the animals. Think about it this way…if God had brought Adam to a pear tree to introduce him to this fruit before Eve was created, would this prove that God gave only Adam the authority to eat from the pear tree? That would seem a little silly wouldn’t it?  Unless God tells us that an authority is withheld from Eve or God shows us that she was held back when both were there and available, we cannot assume something from the text when the text does not say this.  This is an argument from silence.  If God wanted us to know that Adam had an authority over the animals that she did not, God would have told us.

In the next post we will continue to look at what authority is claimed for the man alone when the woman is finally created.

7 thoughts on “Was authority withheld from Eve?

  1. In my understanding, one other reason for the Adam and the animals narrative is the subtext of anti-beastiality that the reader is supposed to discern, none of the animals was fit for a mate.

    The naming by Adam is an EXAMPLE of him exercising authority of the animals that God gave to both the man and the woman.

    Gen 2:19


    Now out of the ground the LORD God had formed every beast of the field and every bird of the heavens and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. And whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name.

    If you study the wording, one sees that there is NO command from God to name the animals, this is because the authority to do so is ALREADY in the command from Gen 1.

  2. “If you study the wording, one sees that there is NO command from God to name the animals, this is because the authority to do so is ALREADY in the command from Gen 1.”

    Excellent point, Don!

  3. Kaiser is great.

    He points out that “helpmate” is a horrible mistranslation, one that Mr. Slick apparently likes to use.  “helpmeet” is a pretty good translation but is archaic and so many do not know what it means.

  4. missional girl,

    Good point and very kindly said!  Comps and egals come from different directions but we still face the same issue and must both struggle through. 


    I also like Walter Kaiser.  I purchased a set of his teaching classes going through the OT.  He has a wealth of wisdom that is amazing.  We don’t agree on everything, but I have learned how to appreciate the wisdom of those who differ from me.

  5. This issue of Adam’s naming of Eve was offered by Bruce Ware in one of his audios on CBMW as well.  In that same lecture, he says that when Genesis says that Seth was found to be more in the likeness of Adam,  this means character and morality and in the full image of God because the language is similar to that found earlier in the creation account.  I guess the evil nature found in Cain came from Eve, but the good nature of Seth came from Adam.  (As if Cain, the evil seed, was made so by Eve, but that which was like Adam as found in Seth was good.  ????)  If you read the whole account though, Eve named the boys including Seth.

    I think it’s laughable that he can use Adam naming Eve as an example, gloss right over the account of Eve naming Seth (having dominion over him?) and then jump to the eisegesis that Seth being found in the likeness of Adam means that men are more like God and that evil comes through the woman.

  6. Hello Chery!
    So sorry i haven’t been able to come by as much lately. Life has been more than hectic!
    Great to catch up on some of your excellent articles.
    Keep em coming!

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